- define the questions that are relevant when you think you are dealing with something tonal
- produce examples and guidelines which help make published studies more interpretable, comparable, and reproducible
- how to start, and how to discover
- agree on the component tasks (cf Hyman's 3 stages)
- to downplay the importance of the work we're doing, because *tone is very normal*
- here is some data and some guidelines; try analyzing the data according to the guidelines
- here is some data: how many tones are there?
- here are multiple presentations of the same data: audio; fine phonetic transcription; cleaned up phonological transcriptions; different ways of representing the same level of data (F0 tracks; F0 values; 1-2-3-4-5 notations; 4-3-2-1 notations; H M L notations; á a à notations)
- here is some data: what part of the data can be called "tonal"? (cf., Carlos Gussenhoven's work on tone languages near Cologne with no pitch component)
- At what point can we consider a morphologically significant pitch pattern to be indicative of a tonal language (Samoan ergative case marking by HL)?
- organise a combination of position papers, discussion, and agreed-upon conclusions centred around xxx thematic workshops:
- what surface contrasts can exist, and what can confound their analysis?
- where can the variation (in both possible underlying forms and in surface variation) be found in a language (parts of speech, generation, tone sandhi…);
- what effect do different tones/segments have on the realisation of tonal contrasts?, and xxxxx;
- what are the correspondences between acoustic and perceptual analyses of the same phenomena?
- what does it mean to be a tone language (in terms of other phonetic/phonological parameters, in terms or morphological tendencies, in terms of syntactic leanings)?
- four 90-minute sessions per day; free evenings for unstructured discussion
- thematic sessions: 2-3 short presentations, possible commentary by someone who read these abstracts, then break into three groups of ~5 people to discuss, then report back (student to collate and circulate notes) -- we will need about 6 of these sessions
- task sessions: short introduction, break into five groups of ~3 people to do the task and discuss issues, then report back
- drafting sessions?: compile guidelines?
Record / Video everything
Possible thematic topics
phonetics of tone (acoustic, perceptual)
tone and intonation (interaction, over-write)
tone and non-tonal correlations (phonology, morphosyntax!)
where do tones go to, come from
live tonal elicitation in a 2pm slot (or morning, to allow for more elicitation); elicitation live, and then analysis in situ.
how do the different areas 'behave' with respect to each other, and to a 'world' view of tonal behavioural expectations. (ask for self-designation of a limited number of areas; then appoint a leader, who will coordinate the group summary, and present it in 15 minutes).
- carefully repeat Hyman's approach for some other language, and identify any shortcomings and suggest refinements
- as called upon, read one of the submitted position papers and be prepared to comment following the presentation.
- here are recordings of 50 items and segmental transcriptions: transcribe the tones and arrange them into a paradigm
- special issue of a journal (Linguistic Typology; Studies in Language)
- draft guidelines re how to study a tone language
- planning a three-workshop series: 1, Berkeley, 2, ANU, 3 LSA somewhere
- 1 emphasises the state of the art, and the questions that are relevant (methodologically): what kinds of data force different analytical methodologies/notational conventions [subtext: is there really a 'class' of tone languages?]. What sort(s) of data would clarify these methodologies.
- 2 goes towards addressing these question
- 3 is the presentation/dissemination to the wider linguistics community